What is Plumbing Hydro Jetting & Why Use it in 2023


What is Plumbing Hydro Jetting & Why Use it in 2023


Plumbing issues are an inevitable part of homeownership, and among the most common problems are clogged drains and sewer lines. While conventional methods like snaking or chemical cleaners can provide temporary relief, they often fail to address the root cause of the blockage.

This is where plumbing hydro jetting comes into play, offering an effective and long-lasting solution. In this article, we’ll explore what plumbing hydro jetting is, when it’s needed, how it works, and the associated costs.

What is Plumbing Hydro Jetting?

Plumbing hydro jetting, also known simply as hydro jetting, is a high-pressure cleaning method used to clear clogged pipes and sewer lines.

It involves the use of specialized equipment that shoots a powerful stream of water into the plumbing system, effectively removing blockages, debris, and buildup from the interior of pipes.

This process not only clears the immediate clog but also cleans the pipes, preventing future blockages.

When is Plumbing Hydro Jetting Needed?

Hydro jetting is necessary in various situations when conventional methods prove ineffective or insufficient:

Stubborn Blockages

When traditional snaking or plunging methods fail to clear a stubborn blockage, hydro jetting can provide the force needed to break through and remove the obstruction.

Recurring Clogs

If you’re experiencing frequent clogs in your drains or sewer lines, it may indicate a buildup of grease, scale, or debris on the pipe walls. Hydro jetting can thoroughly clean the pipes to prevent recurring clogs.

plumbing hydro jetting

Tree Root Intrusion

In outdoor plumbing systems, tree roots can infiltrate pipes in search of moisture, causing severe blockages and damage. Hydro jetting is effective in cutting and removing intruding tree roots.

Grease Buildup

In commercial kitchens or homes with heavy cooking, grease buildup in drain lines is a common issue. Hydro jetting is ideal for breaking down and removing grease deposits.

Preventative Maintenance

Many homeowners and businesses use hydro jetting as a preventative maintenance measure. Regularly scheduled hydro jetting can keep pipes clean and free from potential blockages.

How Does Plumbing Hydro Jetting Work?

Hydro jetting employs a straightforward yet highly effective process:


Before hydro jetting, a professional plumber typically performs a video inspection of the plumbing system using a specialized camera. This allows them to assess the severity and location of the blockage.

Safety Precautions

The plumber ensures that the plumbing system is adequately prepared for hydro jetting. Safety measures include securing access points and ensuring that any vulnerable fixtures or pipes are protected.

High-Pressure Water Injection

The hydro jetting equipment consists of a high-pressure water tank, hoses, and a specialized nozzle. The plumber inserts the nozzle into the affected pipe or drain. The equipment then delivers a powerful stream of water at pressures ranging from 1,500 to 4,000 PSI (pounds per square inch).

high pressure water nozzle

Cleaning and Clearing

The high-pressure water stream effectively dislodges and breaks apart the blockage, pushing it through the pipe and into the sewer or septic system. Simultaneously, the force of the water scours the interior of the pipes, removing debris, scale, and buildup.

Final Inspection

After the hydro jetting process is complete, the plumber may conduct another video inspection to ensure that the pipes are clear and the blockage is fully removed.

Cost of Plumbing Hydro Jetting

The cost of plumbing hydro jetting can vary depending on several factors:

  1. Severity of the Blockage: The complexity and severity of the blockage play a significant role in determining the cost. Minor blockages are generally less expensive to resolve than severe or recurring clogs.
  2. Location of the Blockage: The location of the blockage within the plumbing system can affect the cost. Blockages in accessible areas are generally easier and less expensive to address than those in hard-to-reach or underground pipes.
  3. Size of the Plumbing System: Larger plumbing systems, such as those in commercial properties or multi-unit buildings, may require more time and resources for hydro jetting, which can increase the cost.
  4. Geographical Location: The cost of plumbing services, including hydro jetting, can vary by region due to differences in labor rates, overhead costs, and local market conditions.
  5. Preventative vs. Emergency Service: Some homeowners and businesses opt for preventative hydro jetting to maintain their plumbing system’s health. Preventative service may be less expensive than emergency service for severe blockages.

While the cost of plumbing hydro jetting can range from $300 to $600 or more for a single service, it is essential to consider the long-term benefits.

Hydro jetting not only clears immediate blockages but also helps prevent future clogs, reducing the need for frequent plumbing interventions and potential costly repairs.


Plumbing hydro jetting is a highly effective and versatile solution for clearing clogged pipes and sewer lines. Whether you’re dealing with a stubborn blockage, recurring clogs, or need preventative maintenance, hydro jetting offers a comprehensive and long-lasting solution.

While the cost may vary depending on factors like blockage severity and location, the investment in hydro jetting can save you money in the long run by preventing future plumbing issues and maintaining the health of your plumbing system.

If you’re experiencing persistent plumbing problems, consider consulting with a professional plumber about the benefits of hydro jetting for your specific situation.

drain cleaning with high pressure

FAQ: Plumbing Hydro Jetting

What is plumbing hydro jetting, and how does it work?

Plumbing hydro jetting is a high-pressure cleaning method used to clear clogged pipes and sewer lines. It involves the use of specialized equipment that shoots a powerful stream of water into the plumbing system, dislodging and removing blockages, debris, and buildup from the pipe’s interior.

This process not only clears existing clogs but also cleans the pipes, preventing future blockages.

When is plumbing hydro jetting necessary?

Hydro jetting is needed when conventional methods like snaking or chemical cleaners prove ineffective in clearing stubborn blockages, recurring clogs, or when preventative maintenance is required.

It’s particularly useful for addressing issues such as tree root intrusion, grease buildup, scale deposits, and persistent blockages that hinder proper drainage.

Is hydro jetting safe for all types of pipes and plumbing systems?

Hydro jetting is generally safe for most types of pipes, including PVC, copper, and cast iron, as well as for various plumbing systems, both residential and commercial.

However, it’s essential to have a professional plumber assess the condition of your pipes before hydro jetting, as fragile or severely damaged pipes may require alternative solutions.

What are the advantages of plumbing hydro jetting over traditional methods?

The primary advantages of hydro jetting include its ability to clear blockages thoroughly and its preventive maintenance benefits. It not only removes existing clogs but also cleans the interior of pipes, reducing the likelihood of future blockages.

Hydro jetting is also environmentally friendly, as it relies solely on water without the use of chemicals.

How much does plumbing hydro jetting cost, and is it cost-effective?

The cost of plumbing hydro jetting can vary depending on factors like the severity of the blockage, location, size of the plumbing system, and geographical region.

On average, a single hydro jetting service may cost between $300 to $600 or more. While it may seem more expensive than some traditional methods, hydro jetting is cost-effective in the long run due to its ability to prevent future blockages and the associated repair costs.

Additionally, it ensures the optimal performance and longevity of your plumbing system.

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